ITIL Service Operation
The objective of ITIL Service Operation is to make sure that IT services are delivered effectively and efficiently. The Service Operation lifecycle stage includes the fulfilling of user requests, resolving service failures, fixing problems, as well as carrying out routine operational tasks.
ITIL Service Operation carries out operational tasks.
As per ITIL 2011, the following main processes are part of the ITIL stage Service Operation:
- Event management
Process Objective: To make sure CIs and services are constantly monitored, and to filter and categorize Events in order to decide on appropriate actions.
- Incident Management
Process Objective: To manage the lifecycle of all Incidents. The primary objective of Incident Management is to solve the incident as quickly as possible and return the IT service to normal operation.
- Request Fulfilment
Process Objective: To fulfill Service Requests, which in most cases are minor (standard) Changes (e.g. requests to change a password) or requests for information.
- Access Management
Process Objective: To grant authorized users the right to use a service, while preventing access to non-authorized users. The Access Management processes essentially execute policies defined in Information Security Management. Access Management is sometimes also referred to as Rights Management or Identity Management.
- Problem Management
Process Objective: To manage the lifecycle of all Problems. The primary objectives of Problem Management are to prevent Incidents from happening, and to minimize the impact of incidents that cannot be prevented. Proactive Problem Management analyzes Incident Records, and uses data collected by other IT Service Management processes to identify trends or significant Problems.
- IT Operations Control
Process Objective: To monitor and control the IT services and their underlying infrastructure. The process IT Operations Control executes day-to-day routine tasks related to the operation of infrastructure components and applications. This includes job scheduling, backup and restore activities, print and output management, and routine maintenance.
- Facilities Management
Process Objective: To manage the physical environment where the IT infrastructure is located. Facilities Management includes all aspects of managing the physical environment, for example power and cooling, building access management, and environmental monitoring.
- Application Management
Process Objective: Managing applications throughout their lifecycle.
- Technical management
Process Objective: To provides technical expertise and support for the management of the IT infrastructure.